Indonesian pronunciation is consistent as Bahasa Indonesia is a phonetic language, meaning each alphabet represents one sound (except the letter ‘e’). So, if you master all the alphabet sounds, you will never mispronounce any words.
|/ə/||ke mana (to where)||about|
Consonant Sounds that are pronounced the same as in English
|J||/dʒ/||jalan (to walk, road)||job|
|M||/m/||minum (to drink)||mine|
|W||/w/||Wawan (a person’s name)||wise|
|X||/x/||khas (special, exclusive)||Scottish loch|
* G always sound /g/, never /j/ as “giant”
*H is sometimes silent, especially in colloquial Indonesian.
Consonants sounds that are pronounced the same as in English but never aspirated
|K||/k/||kakak (older sibling)||sky|
|P||/p/||hadap (to face)||spy|
Consonant sounds that are not the same in English
|R||/r/||rumah (house)||Spanish rio|
|*C||/tʃ/||cari (to look for)||itchy|
Indonesian Pronunciation Practice
Pronounce the following words.
1. Bapak (father, sir)
2. Kuku (nail)
3. Mandi (to take a bath/shower)
4. Lalu (then)
5. Ibu (mother)
6. Aku (I (informal))
7. Guru (teacher)
8. Maaf (sorry)
9. Bubur (porridge)
10. Kaki (foot/leg)
11. Vokal (vocal)
12. Cuaca (weather)
Diphthongs – two vowels that make a single sound
I hope you have a better understanding of Indonesian pronunciation now. Terus latihan – keep practicing!