Culture General

How to Pronounce Bali, Canggu, Ubud

How to Pronounce Bali, Canggu, Ubud, and Other Places

Wondering how to pronounce Bali and other places in the region? In this blog article, we will tell you just that, plus an Indonesian pronunciation lesson so you will never mispronounce any words during your time in the country.

First let’s watch this video to know how to pronounce Bali and other places in the province:

One thing you need to know about Indonesian language is that is a phonetic language, meaning each alphabet represents one sound. For example, the letter “A” is always pronounced /ɑ/ as in “father”. The only exception is the letter “e” which and can represent /e/ is in “bait” and /ə/ as in “about”.

Indonesian Pronunciation

Let’s learn how to pronounce Indonesian alphabets and the sounds they represent below.


A“ah”Apa (what)
I“ee”Bibi (aunt)
U“oo”Buku (book)
E“ey” /ə/ as in “about” /ə’baut/Enak (delicious) ke mana ((to) where)
O“oh”Toko (shop)

Consonants that are pronounced the same as in English

B“beh”Babi (pig)
D “dey”Dadu (dice)
F“eff”Fosil (fossil)
H“ha”Halo (hello)
J“jey”Jalan (road/street)
L“el”Lele (cat fish)
M“em”Minum (to drink)
N“en”Nanas (pineapple)
S“ess”Susah (difficult)
W“wey”Wajah (face)
X“eks”Xenia (a car brand)

Consonants that are pronounced the same as in English but without aspiration

K“ka”Kakak (older sibling)
P“pey”Papa (father)
T“tey”Tato (tattoo)

Consonants that are not the same in English

C“chay” as in chat, chicken”Baca (to read)
G“gey” as good, GoogleGuru (teacher)
R“air”Rumah (house)


Pronounce the following words.

  1. Bapak
  2. Kuku
  3. Mandi
  4. Lalu
  5. Ibu
  6. Aku
  7. Guru
  8. Maaf
  9. Bubur
  10. Kaki
  11. Vokal
  12. Cuaca

Diphthongs – two vowels that make a single sound

Ai[ɑy]pantai (beach)
Au[ɑw]pulau (island)
Oi[oy]tomboi (tomboy)


Pronounce these words correctly.

  1. pantai
  2. santai
  3. rantai
  4. kalau
  5. bakpao
  6. pisau
  7. amboi
  8. konvoi

Consonant Clusters (two or more consonants placed together)

Consonant clusters PhonemeExample
ng[ŋ]ngobrol (to chat)
ny[ñ]nyamuk (mosquito)

Pronounce these words correctly.

  1. ngomong
  2. mengerti
  3. ngopi
  4. nyaman
  5. nyanyi
  6. tanya

You might wonder about the meanings of words above, but they don’t about them for now as in this section we just focus on the pronunciation.

So do you know how to pronounce Bali and other places in the region now? If so, try to pronounce words you encounter in Indonesia. If you practice the pronunciation above, you should not have any problems with that. Do you want to take your Indonesian to the next level? Check out courses here.

By Jembatan Bahasa

Jembatan Bahasa is a professional and highly rated Indonesian language school based in Bali, Indonesia. Our teaching team is experienced and certified to teach Indonesian as a foreign language. Some of them have over eight years of teaching experience and have taught in a prestigious international school in Bali. Interested in learning Indonesian with us? WhatsApp us at +6282 145 950 737 or email at